Colombia is the world’s second-most biodiverse country after Brazil. Central Colombia’s Macarena region, in particular, is important for biodiversity as it serves as a transition zone between three major biomes: the Amazon rainforest, the eastern savannah, and the Andes mountains. Further, the isolated mountain range is home to three national parks: Sierra de la Macarena, Cordillera de los Picachos and Tinigua.
But underlying this biological richness are large petroleum deposits that beckon to oil companies. Meanwhile, cattle ranchers and farmers are stripping habitat for pasture and cropland, and large-scale landowners are expanding their holdings into pristine forest once untouchable due to FARC presence.